Handling and Storage Precautions:
- Avoid impact, friction, heat, sparks and
- Never smoke while handling black powder.
- Never handle or use black powder after
drinking alcohol or
using drugs or medications.
- Keep containers tightly closed when not in
- Do not mix black powder with any other type of
- Do not purchase or accept black powder that is not in
original, factory sealed container.
- Do not dispense black powder directly from the
flask or horn into the firearm.
- Do not dispense substantial amounts of black powder
proximity to the firearm.
- Follow laws and regulations regarding quantities
of explosive material and methods of storage.
- Do not store black powder in the same area with other
- Do not store black powder within the reach of
- Store black powder only in manufacturer
Use and Care
Always consult the owner’s manual for your firearm and never
exceed the maximum recommended powder charge for the gun you are
the owner’s manual is not available, the National Muzzle Loader Rifle
Association recommends a safe starting load for muzzleloading rifles or
single-shot pistols is 1 grain of the appropriate granulation of black
per caliber. For example, 50 grains of black powder for a .50 caliber
grains of black powder for a .54 caliber rifle, and so on.
Cautions and Warnings:
WARNING! Black Powder is extremely
flammable and explosive!
Fire or explosion can cause serious bodily injury or death. Keep out of
of children. Keep away from heat, sparks and open flame. Avoid impact
Black powder is intended
use in antique firearms or replicas and reproductions of antique
are in good working order, solely for recreational, sporting or
purposes. Any other use of black powder is a violation of Federal law.
have any questions about your firearm’s operating condition consult a
professional gunsmith before shooting it.
Black powder is available in several
Using the wrong granulation of powder can result in bodily injury or
Please be sure your powder is the proper granulation for your
- Goex Cannon – Cannon use only!
- Fg – Small bore cannons or large bore
muskets (.75 caliber
- FFg- Large bore fusils, trade guns or rifles (.50
- FFFg- Small bore rifles or pistols (smaller than .50
- FFFFg – Priming flintlocks ONLY
All of the basics of safe firearm handling that apply to modern guns
apply to muzzleloading firearms as well.
In addition there are a number of other
Use only black powder or Pyrodex. Never use any type of modern,
smokeless powder. The "black" in black powder refers to more than
color. Black powder has a totally different chemical formula than
Always seat the projectile directly onto the powder charge, never leave
a bullet part-way down the bore. If you fire many shots without
cleaning the bore in between, you may reach a point where the bore is
so heavily fouled that you can't seat the next round. If a bullet
should become stuck party-way down the bore, don't try to shoot it out
as it could burst, or even bulge the barrel. If necessary, drive the
bullet down with a heavy rod and a hammer, then fire it. Failing this,
pour several tablespoons of solvent down the bore. In a few minutes the
solvent will dissolve the fouling holding the bullet, allowing it to be
removed with a bullet puller attached to your ramrod.
Many shooters have experienced the situation in which the percussion
cap will fire, but the gun will not go off. In nearly every case this
is a direct result of improper or incomplete maintenance. When this
occurs, keep the muzzle pointed in a safe direction for at least one
minute, in case a delayed ignition or "cook off" should occur. Often
times a second or third cap will fire the piece.
Never leave a muzzleloader loaded between uses. In some cases, hunters
want to leave their rifle loaded overnight if they expect to hunt the
next morning. If a rifle is left loaded and then plans change, it is
quite possible to forget the rifle is loaded, creating a potentially
deadly situation days or even months later. It is possible to
accidentally leave a muzzleloading rifle loaded from one season to the
next. When preparing for the next season, you might assume the
muzzleloader is unloaded and intend to only discharge a cap resulting
in an unexpected fully discharge of the bullet.
Empty the rifle by firing, pulling the bullet and dumping the power, or
discharge the load with a CO2 ball discharger. If you do choose to
leave a rifle loaded overnight, de-prime it, lock it in a safe place,
and mark it as loaded with a sign attached to the rifle. Do not take a
loaded rifle from a cold outside environment into a warm and humid
building, as condensation will likely cause a misfire.
Black powder and Pyrodex are stable products that can be handled and
stored safely. Store in the original container and protect them from
fire and humidity. Neither one is sensitive to shock under normal
conditions. Two high-risk situations involving powder are:
Black powder and Pyrodex must be respected and used properly per the