firearm should receive
a thorough cleaning and lubrication after a round of shooting. While cleaning the bore, take care to protect
the action and trigger mechanism from water based bore cleaners and
the bore. The cleaning operation should
be performed with the safety on and the muzzle pointed in a safe
direction. Before you start, be sure there
is no percussion cap installed on the nipple. Use the ramrod to be sure
is no charge in the barrel. (Use a
ramrod that you have previously marked to show how far the rod extends
empty barrel. If your ram rod stops
above the empty barrel mark, then that is an indication that you
already have a
charge or something in the barrel.)
the action and
trigger assembly from debris while cleaning the bore.
If you have one, install a bore cleaning
guide tube per the manufacturer’s instructions. This protects the
threads and trigger assembly from fouling and debris.
If you do not have a cleaning tube, be sure
to cover the trigger assembly with a cloth or other guard to protect
If there is a charge in the barrel or you can not verify
the barrel is empty and free of obstruction, do not attempt to remove
shooting it out. If you are unsure what
the charge is or if you are unsure if the charge is safe, remove the
using the instructions provided by the manufacturer.
Fouling and debris from the bore may fall into the firing
mechanism and trigger assembly if a bore cleaning guide or other form
protection is not used. This could impair the function of the mechanism
result in serious personal injuries or death to the shooter or
muzzleloader in gun supports.
Clean the barrel, breech
plug, and nipple as follows:
Note: The Remington Model 700
is shown but the general approach to end of the shoot cleaning
described here applies to most modern in-lines.
the muzzleloader as described above.
the bolt assembly or firing mechanism if applicable.
Remove bolt assembly.
and remove the nipple using the nipple removal tool.
and remove the breech plug using the breech plug removal tool.
Remove breech plug.
the nipple and breech plug in an approved bore cleaner.
the breech plug using a small brush and bore cleaner, clean the threads
rear of the barrel thoroughly. Use a cleaning patch or clean cloth to
breech plug threads clean of all residue.
the bore guide into the breech (where the breech plug was removed.)
Install bore guide.
the cleaning jag to the ramrod and place a cleaning patch soaked with
evenly over the cleaning jag.
Attach brass cleaning jag to ram rod.
the jag into the bore cleaning tube, and push it firmly into the barrel
the breech. Swab the bore with short strokes for best results.
patch through the end of the barrel and remove the cleaning patch at
muzzle. This pushes debris out the front
end of the barrel.
Insert patch and jag from the breech end.
the same method, push a dry patch through the bore.
above three steps until a dry patch comes out clean.
Lubricate and Protect the
a cleaning patch with bore lube for black powder evenly on the jag and
into the bore from the breech. Swab the bore with short strokes to
apply the lube.
several times to properly condition and preserve the bore.
the breech plug and nipple:
clean and dry the breech plug and nipple.
Apply a bore lube paste
for black powder on the
threads of the breech plug and nipple to ensure the threads do not
seize. NOTE: Do not put
on the front face of the breech plug or nipple or in the flash hole of
nipple. Excess bore lube may foul the powder charge and possibly
misfire or hang fire.
the breech plug and the nipple.
the exterior of the barrel and receiver with a cloth treated with bore
Variations on the above procedures
include the following:
Add a few drops of dish
soap or laundry detergent
to a plastic pail of hot water. Place
the muzzle in the bucket and insert the ram rod with a clean patch or a
brush in the breech end pulling the water from the bucket up into the
for a thorough cleaning. Remove the barrel from the bucket and dry the
with a dry patch. Next, use a patch with
a bore lube to protect the bore for storage.
our listing of
popular bore cleaning
solvents and other cleaning aids.